Examples of chromosomal abnormalities include trisomy 21 Down Syndrome , trisomy 18 Edwards Syndrome or trisomy 13 Patau syndrome.
The results will tell you if your baby is at high risk or low risk of chromosomal abnormality in comparison to the general population. The nuchal translucency scan is done between 11 and 14 weeks of pregnancy. Usually the scan is done through your abdomen but occasionally the nuchal translucency can only be seen by inserting a probe into the vagina. You might also be offered a blood test around this time. Your doctor can look at the results of the combined test blood test and nuchal translucency scan to get a more accurate picture of the risk of a chromosomal abnormality.
What is a nuchal translucency scan?
The results of the nuchal translucency scan will not be used alone to calculate the risk of a chromosomal abnormality. All your first trimester screening is combined to calculate your risk. If your risk is less than 1 in , you are considered low risk. If it is between 1 in 50 and 1 in you are considered intermediate risk.
If it is greater than 1 in 50 you are considered high risk. You may be referred to a genetic counsellor.
They will discuss your options and help you to decide if you would like to have a more invasive diagnostic test, such as chorionic villus sampling CVS or amniocentesis. These diagnostic tests can tell you definitively if your baby has a chromosomal abnormality or not. Tests such as CVS and amniocentesis carry a small risk of miscarriage. You might choose to have a nuchal translucency scan or you may choose to go straight to one of the more invasive diagnostic tests instead to get a definitive answer.
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You can have chorionic villus sampling from 11 weeks of pregnancy, or you can have an amniocentesis from 15 weeks of pregnancy. You can also call Pregnancy, Birth and Baby on to talk about these tests and what the results could mean for you and your pregnancy. Information on pregnancy ultrasound scans including when they are taken, what it can be used for, dating scans, anomaly scans, plus links to trusted resources.
Information on routine antenatal screening tests during pregnancy including weight and height, blood tests, infections, pap test, plus links to trusted resources. A dating scan is an ultrasound scan to determine how many weeks pregnant you are and your due date.
Ultrasound imaging in pregnancy is widely used to evaluate the baby. It can determine if a baby is present, the position of the fetus and if there is a multiple pregnancy. It can also help to diagnose abnormalities or problems, help determine the age of the pregnancy and subsequent due date as well as showing the position of the placenta in relation to the birth canal. There is also then a routine scan at 20 weeks.
Individual circumstances may dictate that more scans may be offered and a breakdown of what you could receive is detailed below. This usually takes place at 6 to 10 weeks of pregnancy. The scan can confirm the number of babies in the uterus, the embryo can be observed and measured by about five and a half weeks and a heartbeat usually detected by 6 weeks. Scans at this stage in pregnancy are reassuring for women experiencing bleeding, pain or who have had previous miscarriages. Transvaginal scanning may also be used to obtain a better image of the womb.
This is a scan which is usually carried out at weeks and is a method of screening for chromosomal abnormalities without having an invasive test such as an amniocentesis. Gestational age is usually determined by the date of the woman's last menstrual period - assuming ovulation occurred on day fourteen of the menstrual cycle.
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Your sonographer will let you know if this is needed. For an abdominal dating ultrasound, you will need to have a full bladder. You may be asked to drink some water and not go to the toilet beforehand because a full bladder helps to push your womb up to give a better picture. For a vaginal scan, you can have an empty bladder. This will provide a fairly accurate estimate of how many weeks pregnant you are.
But it is important to remember that only a few women go into labour on their due date, so it can be more helpful to think about the month in which you are expecting your baby, rather than the exact day. Information on pregnancy ultrasound scans including when they are taken, what it can be used for, dating scans, anomaly scans, plus links to trusted resources.
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This Dads Guide to Pregnancy article covers early pregnancy scans and screening, plus normal fetal development and early miscarriage for men, by men. In the second trimester of pregnancy, you may be offered to have an morphology scan anomaly scan. Learn about what it looks for and when it is performed. A nuchal translucency scan is part of the ultrasound scan that may give an indication of chromosomal abnormality. Learn more about how and when it is performed. During your pregnancy, you will be offered a number of tests and scans. The aim is always to check on the health of you and your baby, but it can sometimes be overwhelming and confusing.
Handy infographic that shows what you can expect at each antenatal appointment during your pregnancy.
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- Your pregnancy and baby guide.
In the meantime, we will continue to update and add content to Pregnancy, Birth and Baby to meet your information needs. This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes. The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care.