In personifying wisdom, it was necessary to use the appropriate pronouns. The grammatical construction is an artifact of the process of personification. It is a lousy excuse and an evil one. The Iglesia ni Cristo agree and teach that Christ is the rock upon whom the church was built. In the form of Q and A, they explain —. How did Christ set up his church? Christ was born a new man.
Him and those who believed in him. How did Christ bear this new man? This is how Christ created a new man: He established his church on a rock. Who is the rock upon which his church is built? What is the rock? According to Apostle Peter, Christ is the rock. Therefore, Christ established his church on himself because he is the rock. Christ set up on himself his own church, that is what to himself and what is he to the church? The above is their original version. The rock mentioned in Matthew 6: Whether it is classified in the feminine gender or not, the Bible has its own interpretation of words.
In fact Christ likened himself to a hen. Would you now begrudge his being wisdom of God? There is no other wisdom of God mentioned in the Bible which existed with God from everlasting except the Lord of glory. It is very clear in the scriptures that the Lord Jesus Christ was the one who sent the prophets and the apostles.
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Man began to exist on earth when God formed him out of the dust of the ground. But it was different with Jesus who did not come from dust. He was called man when he was manifested in the flesh or has taken the form of a man. To believe that Jesus Christ is a mere man from birth up to his coming again is surely denying the truth and salvation.
The key to honest learning is to be disciplined beginning with terms and respect the terms as categories change.
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In Philippians, for example, it is said Christ was in the form of God but took the form of man. Therefore, the first was statehood and the second was mere manifestation. Angels do not do any preaching. Angels are messengers of God, delivering news, and no human beings are commissioned to deliver messages these days. After Christ, we have the prophets and apostles sent by Christ. Man may commit sin but not the Lord Jesus. The Lord Jesus is wiser than Solomon — the man whom God declared to be the wisest man. If Christ was a man, He cannot be wiser than Solomon — since God said no one shall surpass Solomon in all his wisdom and understanding.
The unknown Christ is heaped with a pack of lies by those who make merchandise of him. The key to knowing Christ is to honor him as he truly is.
Jesus Christ as willed by the Father has pre-eminence in everything that exists. What was called in the Bible as the man Jesus Christ is the body, which He gave as a ransom for sins to mediate between God and men. Let us remember that the Lord Jesus Christ never did lie! When He said I am from above, He is revealing the absolute truth about His being.
It was affirmed by the apostles. The truth of the matter is that Christ descended was able to descend because he originated from above! If you just come from earth, why is there a need to descend? The Son was with the Father even before the creation of everything that exists. It consists of about 7, islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of , square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world.
As of , approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic nations occurred, then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons.
Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. From the Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines.
The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67, years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26, years ago. Negritos were also among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. Iglesia ni Cristo — Iglesia ni Cristo is an international Christian church that originated in the Philippines.
The Iglesia Ni Cristo claims to be the one church and the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus. By the time of Manalos death in , the Iglesia ni Cristo had become a church with 1, local chapels and 35 large concrete cathedrals. In his teenage years, Manalo became dissatisfied with Roman Catholic theology, in , he joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, entered the Methodist seminary, and became a pastor for a while. He also sought through various denominations, including the Presbyterian Church, Christian Mission, Manalo left Adventistism in and associated himself with atheist and agnostic peers.
On November , Manalo secluded himself with literature and unused notebooks in a friends house in Pasay. He emerged from seclusion three days later with his new-found doctrines, Manalo, together with his wife, went to Punta, Santa Ana, Manila, in November and started preaching. He left the congregation in the care of his first ordained minister and returned to his native Taguig to evangelise, there and he was later able to baptize a few converts, including some of his persecutors.
Conflicts between Iglesia ni Cristo and Members Church of God International - WikiVisually
He later registered his new-found religion as the Iglesia ni Cristo on July 27,, at the Bureau of Commerce as a corporation sole, expansion followed as INC started building congregations in the provinces in , with Pasig having two locals established. The first three ministers were ordained in , by , INC had about 3, to 5, adherents in 43 or 45 congregations in Manila and six nearby provinces. By , INC had 85, members and this figure grew to , by A Cebu congregation was built in —the first to be established outside of Luzon, the first mission to Mindanao was commissioned in Meanwhile, its first concrete chapel was built in Sampaloc, Manila, adherents fleeing for the provinces away from Manila, where the Japanese forces were concentrated during World War II, were used for evangelization.
Within the span of 49 years of his administration, the Iglesia ni Cristo had 1, local chapels and 35 large concrete cathedrals and he was a recognized and highly respected religious leader of the Philippines. It is presided over by a Chief Justice and is composed of fifteen Justices, pursuant to the Constitution, the Supreme Court has administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof. Until , the Court met in Cavite, an additional constitutional requirement, though less precise in nature, is that a judge must be a person of proven competence, integrity, probity, and independence.
Beginning with the Constitution, Supreme Court Justices are obliged to retire upon reaching the retirement age of Some Justices had opted to retire before reaching the age of 70, such as Florentino Feliciano, Alicia Austria-Martinez who retired at 68 due to health reasons. The Constitution of the Philippines provides that, Section 11, the Members of the Supreme Court xxx shall hold office during good behavior until they reach the age of seventy years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office.
We were told she had problems even when she was in the CA. Alicia Austria-Martinez has opted to retire early from the Supreme Court due to health reasons, neither is she physically or mentally incapacitated, but she has chosen to retire on April 30, because she felt she could no longer cope with the heavy caseload. These functions may be divided into two — judicial functions and administrative functions. The administrative functions of the Court pertain to the supervision and control over the Philippine judiciary and its employees, as well as over members of the Philippine bar.
Pursuant to these functions, the Court is empowered to order a change of venue of trial in order to avoid a miscarriage of justice and to appoint all officials and employees of the judiciary. The Court is further authorized to promulgate the rules for admission to the practice of law, for assistance to the underprivileged. The more prominent role of the Court is located in the exercise of its judicial functions, Section 1 of Article VIII contains definition of judicial power that had not been found in previous constitutions.
The town also consists of numerous subdivisions and exclusive villages, according to the census, it has a population of , people. The town has some factories like the PilMiCo. Villanueva as the present Third District Representative of Tarlac, Capas has relatively high ground, hilly places near the mountain range are at an approximate 46 meters. It is bordered by San Jose on the north, Tarlac City on the north-east, Concepcion on the east, Botolan, Zambales, on the west and south-west, the west side of the town is mountainous while the east side is a plain. The town is known as The Gateway to Pinatubo Volcano.
The town also consists of Hot springs and several lakes like the Tambo Lake. Many of the streams in the province contain small bits of petrified wood, fish, fresh water crabs, namria and Dingding creek merge as the two major tributaries to Lucong river in Concepcion. Capas is politically subdivided into 20 barangays. Barangay Cutcut, meaning hole, malutung gabun or Red sand has a replica of Capas National Shrine which is sometimes featured on Philippine maps. Pinagpala which has a farm, mango plantations etc. Rita is among the smallest barrios of the municipality but has a church, Barangay Talaga is known for its production of Tinapa or smoked fish, Barangay Dolores has its garden plants and Sto.
Domingo has the Capas Junction which also has fast food chains like the town proper, Barangay Manlapig has rice fields and is among the liveliest barangays during the evening. Barangay Lawy is known for being a place for many of the first Ilocano settlers in the municipality, Barangay Mangga used to be filled with the fruit bearing tree or presumably. Barangay Estrada is the last stop before reaching Tarlac City through McArthur highway, Juliana are mountainous and hilly while filled with vast lands and forest, presumably the place where the earliest settlers of the town stayed.
The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March , the office of the pope is the papacy. The pope is considered one of the worlds most powerful people because of his diplomatic and he is also head of state of Vatican City, a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within the Italian capital city of Rome. The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history, the popes in ancient times helped in the spread of Christianity and the resolution of various doctrinal disputes.
In the Middle Ages, they played a role of importance in Western Europe. Currently, in addition to the expansion of the Christian faith and doctrine, the popes are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialogue, charitable work, Popes, who originally had no temporal powers, in some periods of history accrued wide powers similar to those of temporal rulers. The earliest record of the use of title was in regard to the by then deceased Patriarch of Alexandria. Some historians have argued that the notion that Peter was the first bishop of Rome, the writings of the Church Father Irenaeus who wrote around AD reflect a belief that Peter founded and organised the Church at Rome.
Moreover, Irenaeus was not the first to write of Peters presence in the early Roman Church, Clement of Rome wrote in a letter to the Corinthians, c. Ignatius of Antioch wrote shortly after Clement and in his letter from the city of Smyrna to the Romans he said he would not command them as Peter and Paul did.
Given this and other evidence, many agree that Peter was martyred in Rome under Nero. Protestants contend that the New Testament offers no proof that Jesus established the papacy nor even that he established Peter as the first bishop of Rome, others, using Peters own words, argue that Christ intended himself as the foundation of the church and not Peter. First-century Christian communities would have had a group of presbyter-bishops functioning as leaders of their local churches, gradually, episcopacies were established in metropolitan areas. Antioch may have developed such a structure before Rome, some writers claim that the emergence of a single bishop in Rome probably did not occur until the middle of the 2nd century.
In their view, Linus, Cletus and Clement were possibly prominent presbyter-bishops, documents of the 1st century and early 2nd century indicate that the Holy See had some kind of pre-eminence and prominence in the Church as a whole, though the detail of what this meant is unclear. It seems that at first the terms episcopos and presbyter were used interchangeably, the consensus among scholars has been that, at the turn of the 1st and 2nd centuries, local congregations were led by bishops and presbyters whose offices were overlapping or indistinguishable.
Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Angeles City, while geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and is governed independently of the province. The name La Pampanga was given by the Spaniards, who encountered natives living along the banks of the Pampanga River and its creation in makes it the first Spanish province on Luzon Island. By , the province has 2,, inhabitants, ancient Pampangas territorial area included portions of the modern provinces of Tarlac, Bataan, Zambales, Nueva Ecija and Bulacan.
Pampanga was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11,, due to excessive abuses committed by some encomenderos, King Philip II of Spain in prohibited the further awarding of private estates, but this decree was not fully enforced until The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred, Pampanga, which is about square miles in area and inhabited by more than 1. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces, Manila and its surrounding region were then primarily dependent on Kapampangan agricultural, fishery and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers.
As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, during the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries who served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can be found in North Jakarta, however, there are few traces of their descendants, except for a small community in Kampung Tugu.
The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Cabiao, Gapan, San Antonio, the municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in However, in , the four towns were returned to Pampanga. On December 8,, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air Base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga, between and , occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga. The establishment of the general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from to The Philippine Constabulary was active from to and to in the province of Pampanga.
The June eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a number of people with the submersion of whole towns. Pampanga covers a area of 2, Philippine peso — The Philippine peso is the official currency of the Philippines. The Philippine coins and banknotes are minted and printed at the Security Plant Complex of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas in Quezon City, the inconvenience of barter however later led to the use of some objects as a medium of exchange.
The teston became the de facto unit of trade between Spaniards and Filipinos before the founding of Manila in , the native Tagalog name for the coin was salapi.
The monetary situation in the Philippine Islands was chaotic due to the circulation of many types of coins, with differing purity and weights, value equivalents of the different monetary systems were usually difficult to comprehend and hindered trade and commerce. An attempt to remedy the confusion was made in The mint was inaugurated on March 19,, despite the mintage of gold and silver coins, Mexican and South and Central American silver still circulated widely. Its introduction led to the Philippines brief experiment with the gold standard, the peso fuerte was also a unit of exchange equivalent to 1.
Coin production at the Casa de Moneda de Manila began in with gold coins of three denominations,4 pesos,2 pesos, and 1 peso. On March 5,, Isabel II granted the mint permission to produce silver fractional coinage in denominations of 10,20, minting of these coins started in , with designs similar to the Spanish silver escudo. The coin, which was to be known as the Spanish-Filipino peso, was minted in Madrid in The specifications of the coin was 25 grams of silver. The new monetary standard finally established the peso as 25 grams silver,0.
Islam — Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the worlds second-largest religion and the major religion in the world, with over 1. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and He has guided mankind through revealed scriptures, natural signs, and a line of prophets sealed by Muhammad.
The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the word of God. Muslims believe that Islam is the original, complete and universal version of a faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses. As for the Quran, Muslims consider it to be the unaltered, certain religious rites and customs are observed by the Muslims in their family and social life, while social responsibilities to parents, relatives, and neighbors have also been defined.
Besides, the Quran and the sunnah of Muhammad prescribe a comprehensive body of moral guidelines for Muslims to be followed in their personal, social, political, Islam began in the early 7th century. Originating in Mecca, it spread in the Arabian Peninsula.
The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates and empires, traders, most Muslims are of one of two denominations, Sunni or Shia. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world, Islam is a verbal noun originating from the triliteral root s-l-m which forms a large class of words mostly relating to concepts of wholeness, submission, safeness and peace.
Muslim, the word for an adherent of Islam, is the active participle of the verb form. The word sometimes has connotations in its various occurrences in the Quran. In some verses, there is stress on the quality of Islam as a state, Whomsoever God desires to guide. This term has fallen out of use and is said to be offensive because it suggests that a human being rather than God is central to Muslims religion.
Apalit — Apalit is a first class municipality in the province of Pampanga, on Luzon Island in the Philippines. The mayor is the head and leads the towns departments in executing the ordinances. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of councilors from the Barangays of Barrios, elected officials , Mayor, Peter C. Nucom Vice Mayor, Augusto D. The present neo-classical church was built under Fray Antonio Redondo, who was assigned to Apalit from to , the foreman was a certain Mariano Santos, a native of Guagua. After seven years of work, the church was completed in It was the pride of Pampanga, an tribute to Fr.
Redondo and the people of Apalit and it was officially inaugurated with solemn ceremonies held successively during the town fiesta from 28 to 30 June of the same year. The chronicler remarks that there was no more sand or bricks.
Redondo would ask the fiscal to go around town pealing the bells, preceded by the town bands, he would lead the way towards the riverside with an azafate on his head. Unquestioning, the town would follow him, and in less than two hours, the masons would have enough sand for two months.
Conflicts between Iglesia ni Cristo and Members Church of God International
The whole town of Apalit helped either with monetary donations, personal service, the church measures 59 meters long and 14 meters wide. The painting was done by a native of Apalit, a pupil of Alberoni. The church possesses the qualities of construction, solidity, capacity, light. Macabebe, Pampanga — Macabebe is a first-class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines.
According to the census, it had a population of 70, people, Macabebe, an ancient town in the province of Pampanga is intimately linked to the Pampanga River.